Over-irrigation and Water Crisis in India


Credits: Ramkumar Radhakrishnan, Wikimedia-1569929663


India is the world’s seventh largest country in terms of area but the second most populous country, with   more than 135 crore people, making it one of the most densely populated area in the world. The amount of water needed in India is immense, making India the center of the water crisis. India is the biggest user of groundwater and extracts more groundwater than China and the US, the next two biggest extractors, combined and groundwater meets more than half of total requirement of clean water in the country. Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal. About 89 percent of groundwater extracted in India is used for irrigation purposes.



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